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Our eyesight makes us see things going on in our surroundings. Thus, we need regular eye care and timely checkups to avoid any kind of disorders in our eyes. To take proper care of our eyes and of your entire body, we need an Optometrist. An eye doctor with a quick eye exam can detect many diseases related to your eyes and entire body. Our eyes are the only gateway through which blood vessels are visible in their original form and the eye specialist can detect any kind of issues going on in your body and eyesight. This is also known as a preventative measure.
What does an Optometrist do?
• Provide primary eye care, observation of eyes using an instrument called ophthalmoscope, to detect any eyes diseases like macular degeneration, hypertension, glaucoma, high cholesterol, etc. If the problem is severe or persistent, the patient is subjected to further tests.
• Further, he is responsible for the prescription of drugs for the corresponding irregularities. Optometrists only if acquire a qualification in certification program can prescribe licensed drugs independently.
• They also prescribe contact lenses for the abnormal shape of cornea, if they are professional at handling contact lenses.
• Deal with patients who have irreversible eyesight and provide low vision eye care solutions to ensure speedy recovery.
• Give counseling for surgical procedures for eye diseases and use of contact lenses. Do the assessment of vision status of patients along with consideration of the past medical history of sight.
• Research and training in the field of eye care and disorders due to neurological imbalance. The experienced Optometrists are responsible for teaching or training new professionals in medical institutes. They also carry out research surveys to monitor public vision health.
What to expect at an Optometrist’s?
- Carry your glasses or contacts, if you use any along with any queries about your eye care and current medications that you are on. The professional should know about your medical history to prescribe and diagnose appropriately.
- General health questions and history of eye diseases in your family or your past medical history, any allergies or irregularities experienced currently.
- Vision test to check your close distance and long-distance vision by random reading alphabets from charts or ability for side vision, color perceptibility.
- Checking internal eye health like blood vessels, cornea, retina, optic disc, etc. for any glasses power or change in the power of glasses, if you already have them. It is a complex process, as it demands both eyes and the brain to coordinate properly to imply the best what you see.
- A new pair of glasses may be uncomfortable to adapt to at first but you will get used to the idea and feeling in some time or by making some small adjustments would do the work.
- Pressure test to assess blind spots in eyes for glaucoma or stroke due to brain damage or any sort of eye defect.
- Movement and coordination of eye muscles and dilating the pupil to get a better view of inner eye health which includes using eye drops. After dilation, your close-up vision may be blurred for some time and sight more sensitive to light but it does no damage to your eyesight.
- Some doctors will prescribe medicines from a pharmacy or even lab test, if any kind of infection is detected in the eye, which will include information regarding any medications, even if they are not eye care related.
Thus, in short, these optometrist are the experts who are also known as ophthalmic opticians. They are self-reliant specialist doctors, who are qualified to diagnose, analyze, and provide solutions for different eye diseases or eye health care.
Featured image: Pexels